Who was Confucius?
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. After the Qin Dynasty Confucius's thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system later known as Confucianism.
Confucius' family and personal name respectively was Kong Qiu (孔丘) His courtesy name was Zhongni (仲尼). In Chinese, he is known as Kongzi (孔子, literally "Master Kong"). He is also known by the honorific Kong Fuzi (孔夫子, literally "Master Kong"). In the Wade–Giles system of Romanization the honorific name is rendered as "K'ung Fu-tzu". The Latinized name "Confucius" is derived from "Kong Fuzi", and was first coined by 16th-century Jesuit missionaries to China.